It has been a Male-dominated society since the beginning of the world. When we
study world history Women no longer just sit quietly in the home doing chores.
Their role in world history is significant. Not just in wars, Back in India whole
society was like a battlefield, as a result of the cast discriminations, male
dominations, and woman Exploitation. Not only men but women also fought
against those social evils and brought changes in society.
In country like India, Women are worshipped in the form of a goddess. There
were lot many temples that worship goddesses. There is a temple named kollur
in Karnataka, where they worship goddess mookambhika, is one of the richest
temples in India.
INDIA AND BRAVE WOMAN
We have studied women’s participation during freedom fight or in the Indian
mythological war in our school days. let us look at some of those women who
devoted their life in those wars:
Sita role in The Ramayana epic was prominent, without her the Ramayana
wouldn’t have happened. When we study the Ramayana deeply, we will realize
that sita was not just a wife of Rama but she was the greatest warrior of Mithila
(Sita birthplace). We can see her bravery in defending her kingdom across
JHANSI RANI LAXMI BHAI
Jhansi Rani Laxmi Bhai was a first woman freedom fighter. Queen Manikarnika
is popularly known as Jhansi Rani Laxmi Bhai, who fought and died during
Independence struggle. When the British denied making her adopted son as the
next king of Jhansi she refused it. She is very much popular for her fight against
the British with her son tied back.
Chennamma was a queen of Keladi hence the name Keladi Chennamma. She
fought heroically against Mughals and won. After the battle, Mughals Emperor
recognized Keladi as a separate kingdom and Chennamma remained as a queen.
One brave and heroic queen from Karnataka who sacrificed her life to save her
kingdom Kittur from British. When the British refused to ascend her adopted son
Shivalingappa to the throne she was enraged by it and fought against them but at
last, she was captured and imprisoned.
It is the story of a lady being an ordinary citizen of Chitradurga fort and fought
against Haider Ali to save fort being conquered. Like these many brave women
who showed their woman power on the battlefield and sacrificed their whole life
Alongside the war, the society was the biggest battleground due to its different
social obligations. Many social reformers fought this battle and sacrificed their
lives to bring changes in society and improve the standard of livings among the
backward caste people in the country.
Let us look at some of the woman social reformers
12nth century poet Aydakki Lakkamma who was born in the Dalits family and
faced exploitation and humiliation from the upper-class people. Started rebelling
against such exploitation, later joined Anubhava Mantapa which was built by
Great social reformer Basaveshwara. She wrote so many Vachanas during the
time in Anubhava Mantappa criticizing social obligation raised by upper caste
people. To bring changes in the society she strove hard for it.
Akkamahadevi was one of the greatest social reformers of the 12th Century
Bhakti moment. Her Vachanas are taught in schools and are famous among the
northern regions of Karnataka.
One who was born in the Rajput family and a Lord Krishna deity, later married
to another princely family. Later She left her husband and started pilgrimage
around India. Created social awareness among people.
Like these many women social reformer we can see in Indian history, who
fought bravely against social discrimination and brought changes in society.
Women social reformers of our age are also no lesser than men. They criticize
the present political system, social obligation and women’s exploitation in the
society. Let us see some of the women social reformers of our age.
She was the daughter of Great Journalist P.Lankesh. Due to her father’s
influence,she started working as an editor in Lankesh Patrika which was started
by her father. Later she becomes journalist turned activists criticized right-wing
Hindu extremist. She campaigned for woman welfare, spoke against right-wing
Hindu extremists and opposed caste-based discrimination. Ultimately shot dead
by terrorists for not giving up on her ethics.
She was born in a family where her father was a freedom fighter and mother
who works for the welfare of women. She is a social reformer turned politician,
Joined Aam Admi Party (AAP) but later resigned from it. She was part of many
Andolan but mainly she was one among the founding member of Narmada
First woman IPS officer of this country. She is a woman who stood firm on her
vision and mission for this country and never gave up on her ethics. To give an
example once she had fined her husband for using government vehicles for
personal use. She was not only served as an IPS officer but also she
wholeheartedly contributed to many social causes, as a result, her name has
been household in our country.
She was the victim of an acid attack done by a 32-year-old man when she was
15 years old. Later she started campaigning to stop acid attacks. She petitioned
high court gathering 27,000 signatures for stoping acids sells. She got many
national and international awards for her social reforming moments.
Not only the above mentioned,but there were also more than 1000’s of women
social reformers were worked for the social welfare of the country. Who
dedicated whole life for it by standing firmly on their vision and never giving up
on their ethics.
Above mentioned all about women from India who fought in the war and social
evils. Now let us look at a woman from different countries, how they
contributed to world wars or fought against social obligations.
ARTEMISIA I OF CARIA
The Greek historian Herodotus wrote about her heroic battle against the
invaders. He mentioned her as a warrior who is very decisive and incredibly
intelligent in her strategies.
Nakano Takeko a Japanese woman warrior. she was educated in literary and
martial arts. She was participated in the Japanese civil war and led the women’s
army. But at-last she shot dead in the chest during the war.
WOMEN PARTICIPATIONS IN WORLD WAR
During World War 1, Nursing has been an area where most of the female’s
contributions are involved. But more than 12000 women worked in auxiliary
roles in the US navy, but among nearly 400 women lost their lives in that.
During World War 2, more than 400,000 U.S women served as support
positions in the army and many of them lost their lives. More than half of the
African army participated in World War 2 were women, many of them worked
in nursing and many of them in women’s army corps.
WOMEN SOCIAL REFORMERS WHO FOUGHT THE BATTLE OF
These are the women, who made their society as a battlefield and fought against
social evils like caste discriminations, women exploitation and Terrorism. This
is only to make society a better place by eliminating those social evils. Let us
look at those women,
1979’s Noble Peace Prize laureate. Mother Teresa who was born in Macedonia
and devoted her whole life to India and helping poor, sick and backward class
people. Many allegations have been made on her as she was a part of a Christian
missionary and did religious conversions. Considering all Upper-class people
exploitation of backward and poor people in India, she stands tall in the world
history for enriching the humanitarian values.
Annie Besant was an Irish woman and got influenced by Swami Vivekananda
and made India her second home. She was a member of Indian national
congress and fought for the rights of Indians throughout her life.
“Here lies sister Nivedita who gave all her to India”, that is what her epitaph
reads. Her Birth name was Margaret Elizabeth Noble but after becoming a
disciple of swami Vivekananda later called Sister Nivedita. She fought for girl
child education in India and during the plague attack in Calcutta, she nursed and
took care of the poor’s. She was closely associated with the Ramakrishna
mission and also the Indian National Congress.
Pakistani female activists for female rights and education. She was the youngest
noble peace prize laureate. Local Taliban banned girls from attending schools.
But she opposed it when she and her friends got finished exams and returning
home all of them got shot by the Taliban’s with a gun. She got shot on her face
and admitted to the hospital. one side she was recovering ,but on the other side
support was pouring on her bravery from different part of the world. That’s the
time when she started devoting her life to the social welfare and the welfare of
In the male dominating society it takes a hell lot of courage for a woman to raise
her voice or a queen to declare war against the enemy empire. However, there
are lots of women took that courage and raised their voice for women rights in
the society or to fight in the battleground.
Now In the present situation, it is everyone’s duty to listen to the women’s needs
and give rightful places in society.